The Crown, HMG & the IoM tax haven sitting in the Irish Sea

Posted 28/03/2009 - 14:37 by Lucky Jim

There appears to be some attempts by HMG to avoid upsetting the status quo between the UK & the IoM by issuing misleading information to the media about what the Crown/HMG can not/should not do in relation to the IoM.

Apparently it is being suggested that as serious as is the international banking crisis it is not that serious that HMG would want to intervene to ensure that Gordon Brown's global initiative to vouchsafe savings & deposits in banks is applied foursquare to the Isle of Man.

In counteracting HMG's misleading information to the Media the tax Justice Network has taken up with the Chancellor what I have been saying in the Forum concerning the UK's authority & power to legislate to require the IoM to come into line with UK policy on the matter.

MEMORANDUM
To: Alistair Darling, Chancellor of the Exchequer
From: Tax Justice Network
Date: 25th February 2009

Subject: Mis-information about the UK’s responsibilities vis-à-vis the Crown Dependencies

TJN has been contacted by a journalist working with the French newspaper La Tribune. He tells us that UK Treasury officials have informed him that the UK has no constitutional means of exerting influence over the activities of its Crown Dependencies, and therefore cannot interfere with the way they function as tax havens. This is not correct, and we would be grateful if you would ensure that UK officials desist from giving out this false information.

Despite not being part of the United Kingdom, Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man are intricately linked to the UK by virtue of their being dependencies of the British monarch. The inhabitants of the Crown Dependencies are treated as subjects of the British Crown and are treated as part of the United Kingdom for the purposes of the British Nationality Act.

Being possessions of the British monarch means that they do not have independent status as sovereign nations in their own right. They have no independent status in the United Nations, or in any other multilateral organisation. The British government is responsible for representing the Crown Dependencies at international fora and for their good governance in international affairs.

Almost every law enacted by the local legislatures in the Crown Dependencies requires the assent of the Queen in Council, generally known as the Privy Council, prior to their enactment (the exceptions apply solely to the Isle of Man, where the monarch’s personal representative, the Lieutenant Governor, may grant assent to some laws). A UK Minister is appointed as Privy Councillor with the specific responsibility for ensuring the good governance of the Crown Dependencies. This role is currently undertaken by a Minister of State from the UK Ministry of Justice, which acts as the principal channel of communication between the UK government and the three Crown Dependencies (there is regular contact between Crown Dependency officials and other Whitehall departments, but the MoJ is the official link between the UK government and the insular authorities).

The UK Ministry of Justice is also responsible for processing draft legislation from Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man prior to its receiving assent from the Queen in Council, and the MoJ is additionally responsible for consulting with the islands on extending UK legislation to them.
In addition to having effective responsibility for vetting all legislation passed by the local legislatures of the Crown Dependencies (by the way, why did New Labour give assent to Jersey’s Trust Law of 2006 which permits the creation of sham trusts?), the Ministry of Justice is also responsible for the appointment of almost all the key officials in the islands. The Bailiffs of Jersey and Guernsey, are Crown appointees. Ditto the Demesters and High Baillif in the Isle of Man. Likewise the Attorneys-General, Solicitors-General, and stipendiary Magistrates are all Crown Appointments. The British monarch is also responsible for appointing the Crown’s personal representative to the islands, known in all cases as the Lieutenant Governor.
Now, like most things relating to Britain’s constitutional arrangements, there is a degree of uncertainty surrounding the exact nature of the relationship between the UK and the Crown Dependencies. This allows for a certain amount of obfuscation and playing with smoke and mirrors to present a picture that suits the UK’s political games in the international arena. But we can look to the 1972/73 Royal Commission on the Constitution, whose report is widely known as the Kilbrandon Report, which whilst acknowledging a degree of uncertainty, also stated as follows:
“the United Kingdom Government are responsible for defence and international relations of the Islands, and the Crown is ultimately responsible for their good government. It falls to the Home Secretary to advise the Crown on the exercise of those duties and responsibilities. The United Kingdom Parliament has the power to legislate for the Islands, but it would exercise that power without their agreement in relation to domestic matters only in most exceptional circumstances”.

“[The UK] Parliament does have power to legislate for the Island without their consent on any matter in order to give effect to an international agreement”
[Source: Hansard, House of Commons Debates, 3 June 1998, cols. 471 and 465].

Times have changed slightly since then: the MoJ has replaced the Home Office, but the wording is fairly clear and unambiguous:
The Crown is ultimately responsible for their good government.[BTW the same applies to Antigua so what went wrong there, and in the Turks & Caicos? Have you all fallen asleep on the job?]
The UK Parliament does have power to legislate for the Island without their consent on any matter in order to give effect to an international agreement.This could (and should) be applied, for example, to the European Union’s Savings Tax Directive.
All in all, it seems pretty conclusive that the UK government has both powers and responsibilities vis-à-vis the Crown Dependencies, though you and your colleagues have chosen to exercise neither. But kindly stop your officials from mis-informing journalists and others: this smacks more than just a bit of la perfide albion.


Any failure on the part of HMG to demand that the IoM complies with UK policy will say only one thing, namely HMG knows & the IoMG knows, and the IoMG knows that HMG knows that there are secret accounts on the isle of Man that enable ultra rich people to evade taxes. How do 'they' know? Because there are 'mandarins' in high places who have secret accounts there!

Their money may not be there (more likely it is in the Cayman Islands) but their accounts are on the Island. They have plastic cards that do not identify them or their bank but which give them access to their money anywhere in the world.

For a fee and evidence that one is mega rich (eg: one is a big national lottery winner) one can go through a secret ritual that enables one to open a secret account in the Isle of Man and have one of those secret bank cards.

The IoM IS a tax haven where the ultra rich can both avoid & evade paying taxes. When Allen Bell has finished running round Europe signing co-operative tax exchange agreements to make doubly sure that the people of 'middle Britain' pay their taxes, would he like to write to the DAG asking for the evidence that these secret accounts exist? He doesn't need to because he already knows, and he knows that Darling knows, and now he knows that the DAG knows!

I still think depositors will get all their money back.....

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